Flora & Fauna



Wildlife

Without a doubt, the invertebrates and among them the insects, are the best faunistic group best represented in the canary archipelago and therefore in Lanzarote.

In the Canary Islands, more than 5.000 species of this group have been cited some 10% endemic, which is the case of beetles rises as high as 35%. Among the insects, two species are partirularly noteworthy, one a fossil, the antophoras bee, the other living, the cochinillas (Cochineal insect), both having speeial relevance to the landscape.

In spite the numerous invertebrates, the Canary lslands are not blessed with an abundance of vertebrates, birds being the only group represented by a great number of species.

Reptiles are present in the form of lizards, the "lisnejas" or "lisa majorera" (thought to be endemic to Lanzarote and Fuerteventura), and "perenquenes" or geckos, seen on walls and close to bright lights.

The amphibians are represented by the common frog, which requires moist areas offresh water (ponds, ditches, etc.) in order to survive.

With respect to the mammals that inhabit the island, all were introduced, voluntary or involuntarily by men, with the exception of the bats, who managed to get there on their own. In this mammals section includes the domestic animals like dog, cat, goat, sheep, horse, dromedary and donkey.

Plant Life

About 612 species of Vascular plants are wll-know (braken and flowered plants). These plants grow in a spontaneous manner in this island. The majoriry of these plants belong to aboriginal. Among those 93 are endemic, out of 20 are considered exclusive from Lanzarote and 24 are shared with Fuerteventura.

In spite of Lanzarote endemic plant life is not enough comparing with the entirety of the canary archipelago, where there are 650 endemic species in about 7.200 sq kilometres, the result is very rich and varied whwn comparing with any European country. About 100 endemic species exist in France with 560.000 sq kilometres extension. About 16 species exist in Great Britain with 250.000 sq kilometres extension. With all of these data, the flora importance of the island is well clear.

The most important areas are located in the cliff of Famara, Los Ajaches, Malpaís of la Corona, organic sand baches (north beaches, white sands beaches, areas of Papagayo, etc.), and the vegetal settlement process and floor formation that are taking places in the area of Timanfaya.




         
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